Journal of Cell Science 122, 401-413 Published by The Company of Biologists 2009
It is well documented that adipogenic differentiation of the cell is associated with downregulation of Wnt/β-catenin signalling. Using preadipocytes and dermal fibroblasts, we have found that activation of the adipogenic program was associated with marked changes in the expression of nuclear β-catenininteracting
partners, emerin and lamins A/C, to influence expression and activation of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors γ (PPARγ). In addition, silencing of protein expression with siRNA revealed that β-catenin and emerin influenced each other’s levels of expression and the onset of adipogenesis, suggesting that changes in the expression of nuclear lamina proteins were intimately linked to the stability of β-catenin. By contrast, dermal fibroblasts, which are emerin null, demonstrated increased nuclear accumulation of stable β- catenin and constant lamin expression. This was also associated with an unusual adipogenic capacity of the cells, with adipogenesis occurring in the presence of activated β-catenin but declining upon silencing of the protein expression with siRNA. We propose that the process of adipogenesis is affected by a dynamic link between complexes of emerin and lamins A/C at the nuclear envelope and nucleocytoplasmic distribution
of β-catenin, to influence cellular plasticity and differentiation.